The first one is its antiquity. By summing up, we know that the jade ware of xinglong wa is not only the earliest jade in China, but also the earliest jade culture in the world. Refers to is not here, there is a concept at this time, some people say that in the late paleolithic, there have been such a jade appeared, in liaoning xiaogushan sites, we also found the like stone, jade in the shape of the tip shape, but like the stone at that time there is no essential difference.
The origin of the real jade culture, my personal appearance, and the appearance of the decoration has a great relationship. In pairs, such as ring and ring, this is the origin stage of jade, which is also persuasive and representative of some kinds of objects, jade culture is still from the origin of decoration jade. Some people say it's earlier in Europe, and I think it's the same thing as a stone. People have yet to find another concept of the jade itself. That's what it is.
The second is universality. In the north and south of China, the main rivers have the inheritance of Chinese jade culture. There is a wide distribution circle in east Asia. The only exception is Japan. Japan has the jade in the dragon period, the big pearl of the emerald in Hokkaido. Our country has no jadeite, our emerald comes in very late, early qing dynasty. But the Japanese dragon period had jade, China did not, nor the northeast. Factors but also have some jade culture, its jade culture is affected by the mainland jade culture, its jade culture to a certain age, there is no future, but also save as the festival of some kind of custom of jade. But it is very common in China. Like Taiwan, a small island also has jade culture, its development is very distinctive; In the culture of British Columbia, there is a maximum number of rings. But there is a problem more strange is the Bronze Age and neolithic in xinjiang, the xinjiang region of the neolithic concept is not very clear, the jade culture development is a big gap. Dr. Wu once dug a water tomb with a piece of hetian jade and nothing else, although its jade mineral resources are rich, but also related to its national character. But generally speaking, the Yangtze river, the pearl river, and the liaohe river in the northeast have the distribution of jade culture.
The third one is continuity. Until now, there have been peaks and low tides, but it has continued uninterrupted.
The fourth is humanism. In prehistoric times, there were some ideas about jade, and it was quite remarkable that we knew the six rui and the six, which were all produced in the neolithic age. And the dragon and phoenix have been born. The dragon is undoubtedly the red mountain culture from the northeast region. Why do we say that, we recognize that in the neolithic period, there could be a lot, not just a point. Like teacher li (li jianmin) said, because in the pottery temple culture there is a dragon, there is a dragon on the tray; There are dragons in shijiazhe culture; Lingjiatan culture also has dragons; Liangzhu culture also has dragon; Like the central plains, xishi slope also has dragons. But why the dragon is from the liao river, it has a distinct cultural inheritance relationship. In addition, the red mountain culture of jade pig dragon or C dragon, the distribution area is extensive, several hundred thousand square kilometers of the range, the discovery site is much. Like ling jiatan, a dragon is hardly the origin of Chinese jade culture. To the later influence, the impact to three generations of jade, this inside is very clear. For example, we look at the dragon of the group that was unearthed in yinxu and lingjiazhuang, which inherits the dragon of the red mountain, such as the dragon of the west zhou dynasty. In the spring and autumn period, the dragon with S - shaped body was formed. Then it changed, it changed a lot. The dragon of the han dynasty in shandong province is similar to that of samsung, so the origin of the dragon should be in the liao river.
Feng's origin is in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river, shijiazhe culture of the phoenix. Hongshan culture M4 (unearthed from tomb number), my personal humble opinions, there is a jade swan, often writing papers, also called chicken, then most scholars think or swan, it is difficult to talk about chicken. If compared with feng, I am afraid that the feng of the tomb of the Yin ruins, and the phoenix of the tomb of the women, is the phoenix of the shijia river culture. Scholars have different opinions. One opinion is that there are some jade objects in the tomb of a woman, like red mountain, but it is difficult to tell which things are red mountains. So far, I have not seen the red mountain jade in the tomb. Some scholars think so. However, hunan unearthed two, shape is valuable.such handiwork of a thing, obviously has the characteristics of longshan era, but the phoenix's head characteristics of the basic shape is almost the same, long beak, pointed beak, I personally think that this possibility is not too big, the tomb of fu hao chicken is Shi Guhe chicken, it's hard to tell. The one unearthed in hunan province is a kind of sculpture, but its long beak is almost a style. But two kinds, one is the round carving, one is the chip carving, the transmission. But after all, the phoenix of shijiazhuang is still curled up, the phoenix of the good tomb is spread out. Or there are different, I think there may be adhering to the process, but it's hard to tell, why do you say, even to hebei dragon Jiang Guliang region, even if that dragon is a look at is the edge of hongshan district a style, unlike the hongshan district. In the concept of phoenix, I think phoenix is in the middle of the Yangtze river, this is not a problem.
Both chifeng and liaoxi were thought to be the land of the dragon and phoenix, both of which have been produced in prehistoric times, but from the present evidence, the dragon is still in the liaohe river, and the phoenix is in the middle of the Yangtze river. It is almost such a development trend. These things, such as "six rui" or "six organs", including the concept of dragon and phoenix, provide us with a great space for thinking. You can do more in these areas. It is hoped that in these aspects, besides some morphological comparisons, the study of philology should also mention the agenda. It is very difficult to get involved in the study of yuli without the support of literature.